Sunday, 25 September 2011

basic knowledge about nuclear reactor..

Cold coolant

After releasing its heat to the steam generator, the cold coolant returns to the reactor.

Transfer of heat to water

The coolant releases the heat given off by the fission of uranium to the steam generator.

Hot coolant

The coolant extracts heat from the fuel and carries it toward the steam generator.

Water turns into steam

The hot coolant heats the water of the generator and brings it to the boiling point.


Tightly sealed area where fission of the fuel is carried out in a controlled manner to release heat.

Containment building

Concrete building used to collect the radioactive steam from the reactor in the event of an accident.

Dousing water tank

Vat that contains water to cool the radioactive steam in the reactor in the event of an accident; this prevents a rise in pressure.


Devices that release water to condense radioactive steam.

Safety Valve

Device that lowers the pressure inside the reactor by discharging the radioactive steam to the containment building.

Fission Of Uranium Fuel

The nuclei of the atoms break up; this frees neutrons and releases energy in the form of heat.


Fuel Bundle

Heat Production

The fission of atoms releases intense heat (between 575°F and 925°F), which is transmitted to the coolant .

Production Of Electricity By The Generator

The generator produces electricity through the movement of the rotor in the stator.

Turbine Shaft Turns Generator

The rotational movement of the turbine is transmitted to the generator’s rotor.

Water Is Pumped Back Into The Steam Generator

After passing through the turbine, water produced by the condensation of the steam returns to the steam generator.

Water Cools The Used Steam

Cooling of the steam from the turbine is done with river or lake water.

Condensation Of Steam Into Water

At the turbine outlet, the steam cools and condenses into water.

Electricity Transmission

Using high-voltage lines to transmit electricity over long distances reduces the strength of the current and, as a result, energy losses.

Voltage Increase

At the outlet end of the power plant, the transformer increases the voltage; this reduces energy losses during transmission over long distances.

Steam Pressure Drives Turbine

Steam from the steam generator turns the turbine runner, which is connected to the generator.


Matter placed in the core of the reactor that contains heavy atoms (uranium, plutonium); energy is extracted from it by fission.

Fuel Bundle Coolant

Liquid or gas (including heavy water and carbon dioxide) that circulates inside the reactor; it harnesses and transports the heat released during fission of the fuel.


Substance (ordinary water, heavy water, graphite) that slows the fast-moving neutrons emitted during fission to increase the probability of new collisions.

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